Standard Operating Procedure of State Senate
The San Andreas Senate is the upper house of the San Andreas Legislature. The Senate is composed of eleven (11) members, each elected from a single-member district. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Senators' terms begin immediately, upon their election. The Senate Chamber is located in the State Capitol building.
Positions within the State Senate
- President of the Senate (Lieutenant Governor)
- President Pro-Tempore
- Majority Leader
- Minority Leader
- 1st Senatorial District - Los Santos and Dillimore
- 2nd Senatorial District - North Red County
- 3rd Senatorial District - Flint County
- 4th Senatorial District - San Fierro & Bayside
- 5th Senatorial District - West Bone County
- 6th Senatorial District - East Bone County
- 7th Senatorial District - Las Venturas
- Standing Committee on Public Safety Oversight
- Standing Committee on Rules and Ethics
- Standing Committee on Judiciary and Criminal Justice
- Standing Committee on Housing, Infrastructure and Urban Affairs
- Standing Committee on Business, Professions, and Economic Development
Rules of the State Senate
Officers of the SenatePresident of the Senate - The President (Lieutenant Governor) may preside upon invitation of the Senate. The President presides over ceremonial occasions, cannot vote on legislation except to break a tie in votes and assists in settling customs of the Senate.
((OOC Note: The role of President of the Senate shall serve as an administrative role. The PotS has no real Senate power and is only here to keep the Senate sessions in line and make sure the San Andreas Senate remains active.))
President Pro Tempore - The President Pro Tempore shall serve as the Chair and call the Senate to order at the hour of the meetings of the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is the Presiding Ofﬁcer of the Senate. It shall be the particular responsibility of the President Pro Tempore to secure the prompt and businesslike disposition of bills and other business before the Senate. The President Pro Tempore shall act as the Speaker of the Senate, other roles include the appointment of committee chairs and members, assignment of bills, progressing legislation and direction of policy and organization.
Senate Majority & Minority Leader - The Senate Majority & Minority Leaders are elected at the beginning of each Senate Session by members of their respective party conferences to represent them on the Senate floor, the majority and minority leaders serve as spokesmen for their parties' positions on the issues. The majority leader has also come to speak for the Senate as an institution.
State Senators - The Senate of San Andreas shall be comprised of nine senators. State senators are responsible for representing the constituents of their district in the state senate. State senators are not required to propose legislation, but they can and should do so as appropriate in order to benefit and represent their constituents. To propose legislation, a state senator must draft a bill and propose it to the state senate. If it receives a majority, it will generally be sent on to the state’s house of representatives for consideration. A state senator might promote the bill to the press, his own constituents and his fellow senators, as well as answer questions about the benefits and the effects of the proposed bill. State senators vote on legislation proposed in the state senate. It is expected that they should vote only after carefully considering and weighing the benefits and effects of the legislation on their constituents.
Sergeant-at-Arms - The Sergeant-at-Arms shall be an officer of the Senate responsible for maintaining order and decorum in the Senate chamber and on its grounds, as well as ensuring the safety and security of all Members, staff, and visitors on Senate grounds.
VotingVoting shall last at least THREE (3) days for the passing of bills and resolutions, but, shall only last for ONE (1) day for the passing of committee appointments and emergency voting. In voting on legislative business, Members may: Vote in favor of the motion, in which case they shall answer “Yea”. Vote against the motion, in which case they shall answer “Nay”. Abstain from voting on the motion, in which case they shall answer “Abstain”.
Passing a BillAny Senator may introduce a bill before the Senate as a whole. the Speaker shall unless otherwise provided with good cause, refer the bill to an appropriate committee. If released by the committee, the bill is put on a calendar to be voted on, debated or amended. Upon the committee’s referral of the bill back to the Senate as a whole, debate and discussion on the bill shall commence for up to THREE days before the Senate as a whole. After at least ONE (1) day of discussion, a piece of legislation may be called for a vote at the discretion of the President Pro Tempore, or by the President of the Senate. During the three day period, amendments may be made to the bill. Amendments proposed by any Member, and agreed to by the bill’s author or co-authors, shall be accepted automatically. This process shall be known as a “friendly amendment”.
A motion of cloture may be made by any Member during a debate. The motion of cloture shall require a vote of two-thirds of all Members participating in the debate to take effect. Upon the vote of cloture taking effect, debate shall cease and the bill shall be voted on, in its current state, immediately. A bill may be re-referred to a committee by a majority vote of all Members participating in the discussion of it. After the discussion period has closed, the Senate as a whole shall hold a vote on the bill as it stands. Upon the passage of a bill by the Senate as a whole, the bill shall be submitted to the Governor for signing into law.
((Note: Senate sessions will take place on the forums.))
Committees of the SenateAppointment of Committees - The Committee on Rules and Ethics shall consist of the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, who shall be the chair of the committee, and two other Members of the Senate to be elected by the Senate. The Committee on Rules and Ethics shall appoint all other committees of the Senate and shall designate a chair for each committee. In making committee appointments, the Committee on Rules and Ethics shall give consideration to seniority, preference, and experience. However, in making committee appointments, the Committee on Rules and Ethics shall, as far as practicable, give equal representation to all parts of the state.
A special committee shall be a senatorial committee appointed to perform a special function that is beyond the authority or capacity of a standing committee, formed to investigate a particular incident, issue, or other business deemed necessary by the Senate. A special committee may be formed by a Special Resolution of the majority of Members of the Senate. The Resolution shall include the following: the name of the Special Committee to be formed, the Membership of the Special Committee, the purpose and mandate of the Special Committee, and a date at which the Special Committee’s mandate shall expire and the Committee dissolve. A special committee may not have an indefinite mandate, however, a special committee’s mandate may be extended as deemed necessary. A special committee may hold private hearings without a majority vote from its membership at the discretion of the Speaker or its appointed head.
A standing or special committee may initiate an investigation with the consent of the Chairman of that committee. All chairs of standing committees have the authority to compel witnesses to produce testimony and documents for subjects under its jurisdiction. If a witness refuses to produce documents or to testify, the committee is entitled to report a resolution of contempt to the full Senate. An ethics committee may regulate the behavior of Senators and discipline members for unacceptable conduct. A member of the Senate may be expelled for ethics violations with a majority vote in the Senate Ethics Committee and with a two-thirds majority in the full Senate.
Standing Committee on Public Safety Oversight - The Committee on Public Safety has general jurisdiction over legislation related to the security and safety of San Andreas' citizens. Additionally, the committee reviews most legislation related to the licensing of drivers and safety on San Andreas' roads.
Standing Committee on Rules and Ethics - The Senate Committee on Ethics is authorized to receive and investigate allegations of improper conduct which may reflect upon the Senate, violations of law, violations of the Senate code and violations of rules and regulations of the Senate; recommend disciplinary action; recommend additional Senate rules or regulations to ensure proper standards of conduct; and report violations of law to the proper federal and state authorities.
Standing Committee on Judiciary and Criminal Justice - The Committee on Judiciary and Criminal Justice has legislative jurisdiction over the San Andreas criminal justice, prohibitions, standards, and penalties laws. The Senate Judiciary and Criminal Justice Committee also consider legislation, resolutions, messages, petitions, memorials and other matters, as provided for in the Standing Rules of the Senate. These areas include; civil liberties, government information, holidays and celebrations, immigration, state courts, and patents, copyrights, and trademarks.
Standing Committee on Housing, Infrastructure, and Urban Affairs. - The Committee Housing, Infrastructure, and
Urban Affairs has legislative jurisdiction over construction or maintenance of roads and post road, construction or reconstruction, maintenance, and care of buildings and state grounds, public works for the benefit of navigation, including bridges and dams, public and private housing (including veterans housing), and urban development and urban mass transit.
Standing Committee on Business, Professions, and Economic Development - The Committee on Business, Professions, and Economic Development has general jurisdiction over investigations and studying bills related to business and professional practices, licensing, and regulations other than bills relating to gambling, alcoholic beverages, oil, mining, geothermal, and forestry industries” as well as bills relating to economic development, commerce economy, efficiency of government operations, expenditure of funds, fiscal controls, general appropriations bill, revenue sharing, and international trade.